In India, the monsoon season is the most awaited season as it gives the people relief from the scorching heat. Unfortunately, this soothing season also brings countless types of germs and infections and children are affected the most as their immunity is not as strong as the adults.
Since, most disease causing germs thrive well in moisture; monsoon is the season when you should be very careful about keeping children away from these germs. Below given are some common monsoon diseases in children and tips to avoid the same.
This affects children and adults alike and is caused by female anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and waterlogged area and so malaria is one of the most common disease during the monsoon. Symptoms include fever, weakness and muscle pain. Use a mosquito net and also mosquito repellent creams that are gentle on the skin to prevent the disease.
Most water borne diseases are spread in monsoon and diarrhoea is one of them. This disease is caused due to consumption of unhygienic food and water. There are two types of diarrhoea viz. chronic and acute diarrhoea and most of these are preventable and curable. Preferably drink mineral water when outdoors and if the water supply at your home is not reliable enough then boil the water that you are giving to your child.
This is one dreadful disease that affects mostly the children during the monsoon and is more common in children who live in poor sanitary conditions. Periodic vaccination is needed to protect children from cholera. Lose motion and severe diarrhoea are the symptoms of this infection. Encourage the children to use and drink safe water, eat well cooked food, use proper sanitation and keep the living premises clean to prevent cholera.
This is yet another disease that is common during the monsoon in children. It spreads mainly thoroughly contaminated water and food. Yellow urine, liver dysfunction, weakness and vomiting are symptoms of jaundice. Let the kids drink clean and boiled water, follow proper hygiene and get all the vaccinations in time to prevent jaundice.
This is yet another disease that is common during the monsoon. Gastroenteritis is a common stomach infection amongst children and is associated with serious diarrhoea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Eating clean and freshly prepared food, drinking clean water and staying away from unhealthy habits can help prevent stomach infections.
Children usually suffer from viral fever, common cold and flu all throughout the year and this becomes more common during the monsoon. Cold, cough and mild to high fever are the symptoms of this disease. This can be prevented by avoiding oily packaged foods, staying away from the affected person and maintaining proper hygiene.
This is also more common during monsoon. It is transmitted through contaminated food, water and also unhygienic sanitation. Symptoms include weakness, sore throat, fever, headache and pain. To avoid typhoid make sure that your child drinks clean water and eat healthy and fresh foods. Proper maintenance of hygiene also helps to prevent typhoid fever.
Tips to Avoid Diseases in Children During Monsoon
Below given are some useful tips that you should keep in mind in order to ensure that your child stays healthy and free of any germs and infection:
- Some children are prone to infection, and if your child is amongst them then, ensure that he or she is always protected from the sudden showers with umbrellas or raincoats. If your child has got wet, then give a hot bath and then pat dry.
- Make sure that your child washes hands and feet with an antiseptic soap after returning home from outside.
- Make sure that food at your home is well covered.
- Also make sure that you give purified and boiled water to your child.
- Avoid eating outside food (especially puchkas and other street foods) to prevent the spread of any germs.
- Use a mosquito repellent to prevent malaria and dengue. It is best to use a mosquito net at night.