If you are worried about the missing teeth, then opting for dental implantation would be the right choice for you. Today, dental implantation has changed the face of dentistry and turned as a standard practice for replacing missing teeth. Here, you will get a clear idea on the overview of the dental implantation.
What is a Dental Implant?
Dental implant, also known as an endosseous implant, is a surgical component that connects with the bone of the skull or the jaw to support a crown, denture, bridge, and facial prosthesis. In simplistic terms, a dental implant acts as a replacement for the missing tooth’s root and holds a replacement tooth or bridge. The process of fusion between the jawbone and dental implant is called osseointegration. Most dental implants are made of titanium, which enables them to integrate with bone easily. Today, dental implant is showing a success rate of 98 %.
When to Consider Dental Implant?
If you want to replace either a single tooth or several teeth, then you could go for dental implants. In the case of tooth replacement, you need to look into three aspects such as removable dental appliance (full denture or partial denture), fixed dental bridge (cemented), and dental implant. You need to consider certain factors to decide on any of these options. The following are the few factors to consider:
- Location of missing tooth
- Jawbone where the dental implant is to be placed
- Overall health and preference of the patient
Why go for Dental Implants?
Though there are many alternatives, dental implants are opted by most people because of the following reasons:
- Missing teeth can be replaced without affecting the adjacent teeth
- Since dental implants are integrated into the bone structure, the stability is very high. This can enhance your look and overall appearance.
- Eliminates the discomfort of removable dentures
- Comfort to speak and eat
- Durability is very high
- Improves self-confidence
Dental Implant Procedure
Generally, the dental surgeon will examine the condition and check jawbone to determine the amount of bone required. Once it is thoroughly examined, the patient will return for dental implant surgical procedures. During surgery, patient will be given local anesthetic to numb the surgical area.
The tooth root implant, which is made of titanium, is inserted into the bone socket of the missing tooth. As the jawbone heals, it grows around the implanted metal post fixing tightly in the jaw. The healing process can take around 6 to 12 weeks. Once the implant is connected to the jawbone, a small connector post termed as abutment is attached to hold the new tooth. In order to make the new tooth, your dentist should make impressions of your teeth and create a model of your bite. A replacement tooth termed as a crown is attached to the abutment.
Instead of going for one or more individual crowns, some patients may have attachments placed on the implant that supports removable denture. Your dentist will match the color of the new teeth and make you it look esthetically pleasing.
Potential Risks and Complications
Any surgery would be associated with some potential risks and complications. The following are a few:
- Careful review should be done for bleeding disorders, infections, allergies, existing medical conditions, and medications
- Surgery can fail due to infection, fracture or overloading of the dental implant, damage to the surrounding area (nerves, blood vessels, teeth, etc.), poor positioning of the dental implant, or poor bone quantity or quality
Hence, careful planning should be done to ensure that the patient is healthy enough to carry out an oral surgery.
Dental implant surgery has the risk of developing peri-implantitis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the gum and bone area surrounding the implant. This condition will develop due to excessive biting forces on the implant or bacterial infection and can result in loss of an implant if left untreated. So, routine maintenance care such as brushing, and flossing is required. Your dentist will examine the surrounding soft and hard tissues and use special equipments to remove harder calcified deposits around the dental implant.
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