With advancements in technology, a lot of improvements have been made in stem cell research. Treatment with the help of stem cells is the latest technique being used for some really serious diseases and conditions in human beings. As soon as a baby is born, the parents store stem cells for a better and healthier life of their babies.
It is known that in Europe more than 26000 patients have been effectively treated with stem cells from the blood. But only a very few specialized centers are able to cure people with this type of treatment using stem cells. The following is a list of the top diseases that can be cured by stem cells:
Stem cells of the skin have been effectively used to grow grafts of skin for severely burnt patients. When large areas of body get burned, then one way to cure them is by using stem cells. These burns are very dangerous and sometimes life threatening too. But one thing that needs to be known here is that the new skin that comes after treatment is hairless and there are no sweat glands too on it.
Damaged Tissues and Parts
There are numerous diseases that can be cured by stem cells and these can be used to regenerate damaged tissues like spinal cord, skin, bone, cornea, pancreas, heart. It is also helpful in treating blood or organ cancers. These stem cells are derived from fat tissues, connective tissues or bone marrow and these are called Mesenchymal stem cells. The majority of experiments these days are being done using these stem cells only.
Those with type 1 diabetes can also be cured through stem cells. Type 1 diabetes happens due to abnormal insulin regulation which is something for which the pancreas is responsible but stem cells can help to control this and give relief.
One of the more serious conditions that can be cured with the help of stem cells is cancer. Stem cell transplant can help to treat leukemia by allowing the bone marrow to receive fresh and healthy cells which in turn leads to the cure. Stem cells can effectively treat acute leukemia’s like Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) etc. Chronic leukemias like JCML, CLL, and CML can also be treated.
This is a disease which is caused due to the destruction of cells that produce a neurotransmitter called dopamine. But with the help of stem cells, this condition can also be cured by transplanting the embryonic stem cells.
Refractory anemia (RA) or Aplastic anemia (severe) can also be cured using the stem cells. Myeloproliferative disorders like Acute Myelofibrosis, Agnogenic Myeloid Metaplasia; lymphoproliferative disorders like Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease; inherited metabolic disorders like Gaucher’s disease, Morquio Syndrome (MPS-IV), Adrenoleukodystrophy, Niemann-Pick Disease can also be treated with the help of stem cells.
Besides the above given there are many other areas where stem cell treatment is showing positive results.