Hematuria or blood in urine is a condition in which slight drops of blood are spotted in the urine of a person. It may be alarming to those who spot it but one must not panic. All the cases of hematuria must be examined by a doctor so that the underlying cause can be identified. While in some cases, there is not much to be worried about, in some other ones, it could be a sign of a major or serious illness.
There are many reasons for blood in urine and the following are some of the most common ones that you need to watch out for:
Urinary Tract Infections
One of the most common reasons for blood in urine is urinary tract infections. These types of infections mostly occur when bacteria enters the body through the way of the urethra and may multiple and expand in the bladder. Some of the common signs to identify such infections include pain, urge to urinate persistently, strong smelling urine and burning sensation while urinating.
Kidney Stone or Bladder Stone
Another common reason or cause for blood in urine is the occurrence of bladder or kidney stones. What happens is that the mineral present in urine gets concentrated over time and these may get converted into crystals. These crystals sometimes tend to become hard stones and these are known as kidney stones, which can cause bleeding through the urine.
Kidney infections can also result in blood in urine. Kidney infections happen when bacteria is present inside kidneys. These bacteria may enter the kidneys through the blood and can cause spotting of blood in the urine. The signs of kidney infections are similar to bladder stone symptoms.
Another reason or cause for blood in urine is the condition of enlarged prostate. Prostate is a gland which is present just below the bladder and near the top part of urethra. In some cases, this prostate may begin to increase in size in case of middle aged men. This condition can lead to partial blocking of urine flow or even blood in urine. Some of the other signs of this condition include difficulty during urination, persistent need to urinate, etc.
Blood in urine can also be a symptom of an advanced or serious condition like kidney, bladder or prostate cancer. In the cases of such cancer types, one may spot blood in the urine but only in the later stages and not initially.
Sickle cell anemia is a defect which is related to hemoglobin in the red blood cells and is a hereditary condition. This condition can cause blood in urine and is another reason for such a problem. Another inherited disorder which can cause blood in urine is alport syndrome. This syndrome affects or attacks the filtering membranes in the kidneys and sometimes leads to spotting of a few drops of blood.