Anxiety is an abnormal and extreme sense of apprehension or fear, followed by physiological signs such as sweating, tension and increased palpitation. It is the body’s way to respond naturally to danger. Anxiety isn’t always a bad thing; it can help you stay alert. It’s normal to feel anxious in a challenging situation such as job interview, first date, exam results, etc. However, when your worries and fear goes extreme and interferes with your relationships and daily life, then you may be suffering from anxiety disorder.
Types of Anxiety Disorders
There are six different types of anxiety disorders with their distinct signs and symptoms: generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder (anxiety attacks), phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
Symptoms Indicating Anxiety Disorders
If you notice the following symptoms then you may be suffering from an anxiety disorder:
- If you are constantly worried, tensed or on the verge of something.
- If you think your fears are irrational but you can’t help.
- If your anxiety interferes with your work or relationships.
- If you can feel danger around you every time.
- If you experience sudden nervousness or high palpitations.
Anxiety disorders are a group of conditions rather than a single disorder and may vary from person to person, some may get panic attacks while other may feel extreme fear of doing or not doing something. Regardless of their different forms, all anxiety disorders have one common symptom in them, extreme fear or tension in certain situation where other individuals may not feel threatened. There are two types of symptoms: Emotional symptoms and Physical symptoms.
Emotional symptoms include restlessness, irritability, feeling tense and hyper, concentrating on a particular matter for a long time without any reason. It’s all about what’s going on in your mind.
Physical symptoms include high palpitation and pulse rate, sleeplessness, sweating, headache, muscle tension, panic attacks, etc. It can be seen from outside.
Self Help for Anxiety Disorders
Not everyone having fear or worry is suffering from anxiety disorders. It may happen that they are running behind of schedule or have certain work pressure or haven’t taken a break from their daily routine. If you feel tensed or worried, you can do the following things:
- When you feel anxious, take time-out, meditate or have fun.
- Eat balanced meal.
- Exercise daily. Go for a walk in a park or do yoga.
- Give time to yourself every day. Talk to yourself for sometime daily and get to know your worries.
- Write down your worries in a paper, laptop or anything you feel like because writing is a hard thing than simply thinking and help your worries disappear.
- Talk to someone.
- Get involved in some social activities.
- Reduce the intake of alcohol.
- Get a sound sleep.
Treatment for Anxiety
- Seek a professional in case it is getting worse.
- Go for behavioural therapy: cognitive behaviour therapy and exposure therapy.
- Go for medication if needed only after consulting a professional.
- Variety of medicines are there: benzodiazepines and anti depressants
Thus, curing anxiety disorder can be done majorly by helping yourself and having a strong mind. However, there are many counsellors and psychological centres who handle it professionally by eradicating all possible dangers.