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Irritable bowel syndrome

Atefa Noorain
Atefa Noorain
July27/ 2016

Irritable bowel syndrome is a common disorder among people of all age groups. Irritable bowel syndrome mainly affects the large intestine called colon and cause cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation. Irritable bowel syndrome is not a life threatening disorder as it can be cured in most of the cases. Patients with irritable bowel syndrome experience complications in few cases.

Women are mostly affected with irritable bowel syndrome when compared to men. People mostly experience irritable bowel syndrome in their late teens to early 40s. Irritable bowel syndrome patients experience belly discomfort quite often.


There are many different factors that can increase the risk of irritable bowel syndrome or trigger its symptoms.  The common factors which can trigger the irritable bowel syndrome are:

  • Foods

    – A wide range of foods are known to be responsible for irritable bowel syndrome. Food items like chocolate, spices, fats and carbonated beverages triggers the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

  • Stress

    – Increased stress poses a high risk to the irritable bowel syndrome patients. Stress is not a cause for irritable bowel syndrome, but in turn it increases the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

  • Hormones

    – Women mostly suffer with irritable bowel syndrome due to the hormonal changes in the body.

  • Family history

    People who have family members with irritable bowel syndrome are at increased risk of the same condition.


People with irritable bowel syndrome show visible symptoms that include:

  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Poor appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Constipation alternating with diarrhoea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Bloating
  • Flat ribbon stools
  • Heartburn
  • Tiredness


There are no specific tests available for irritable bowel syndrome. Physical examination and medical history is considered to diagnose the patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The common tests done for diagnosing irritable bowel syndrome include:

  • Detailed stool study
  • flexible sigmoidoscopy
  • colonoscopy
  • x-ray radiography
  • computed tomography scan
  • Lactose intolerance test
  • Blood test
  • Breath test

Treatment and therapy

  • Acupuncture therapy

  • Acupuncture therapy plays an important role in treating irritable bowel syndrome. If you want to get rid of acupuncture, then you must try acupuncture as 45% of the patients got relief from irritable bowel syndrome. Acupuncture is an effective therapy when used along with other traditional therapies.
  • Hypnosis –

  •  Hypnotherapy is an effective method for treating irritable bowel syndrome. Study shows that 49% of the patients experience decreased symptoms with hypnotherapy.
  • Probiotics –

  • There are certain bacteria which are referred to as gut friendly bacteria or probiotics which helps in alleviating the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Diet –

  • Drinks like coffee, soda and beer are known to increase the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. If you are suffering with irritable bowel syndrome, it is recommended to eat foods that are easier to digest. Food products that are easily digestible include egg white, fish, pureed vegetable soup and oatmeal.
  • Exercise –

    minimal physical activity like jogging reduce the irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Regular exercise for 20 to 60 minutes three to five times a week decreases the irritable bowel syndrome pain significantly.

  • Peppermint –

    Peppermint oil capsules relieves the irritable bowel syndrome pain.

Atefa Noorain
Atefa Noorain

Atefa Noorain, (Microbiologist) former Head of the Department of Life Sciences, Assistant Professor of Microbiology at Sujatha Degree College for Women. She worked as an Associate Research Analyst at Thomson Reuters and an Associate Editor of two research journals. She has presented her research work in 3 International Conferences. She has written articles for national journals and international journals. She had been felicitated as a Young Speaker in the last conference. She has worked on Nanoparticles as a part of her research project and won the Best Scientist of the Day award.

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