A heart attack is a serious medical emergency which can happen to anyone, anywhere and at any time. If you think someone you know or someone you meet in a market place. is having a heart attack, then your first step should be to call the emergency services. But while the emergency services arrive on the location, it is important to give some primary first aid to the patient.
A lot of people die if left untreated before reaching the hospital and this is why everyone must know the basic first aid techniques to help someone who has just had a heart attack.
Before knowing the first aid, you must know how to spot a heart attack. The following are the symptoms:
- Chest pain is the most common way to recognize a heart attack. The pain may also extend to the shoulders, the jaw, the arms, the back and even the stomach. This pain may not last for more than a few minutes and may come and go.
- Another symptom of a heart attack is cold sweat. This may appear on the forehead, the armpits and even the chest and back.
- Light-headedness is yet another sign of a heart attack.
- The feeling of nausea and dizziness is also a sign of a heart attack.
- Aching, numbness and tingling sensation in the arm are also some of the symptoms.
If you think that someone is having a heart attack, then you can do the following:
- The first thing that you must do in such a case is to make the person sit down, and get him relaxed. Being stress can only worsen the situation and hence you must try to calm down the person.
- The next step is to loosen any kind of tight clothing that the person may be wearing. For example, remove the tie, loosen the trousers etc.
- Ask the person if he/she is carrying with him/her any type of medication which is known for a heart condition. If yes, then read the label quickly and help the person with the medication.
- If the pain experienced by the person does not go away soon and within 3 minutes of taking the medicine then call for emergency help services as soon as possible.
- Ask if there is any doctor nearby, for example if you are in a marketplace, ask for help and try to know if any doctor is available near you.
- Make sure that you do not leave the person alone as you call for help.
- Do not let the person deny that he is having a heart attack or keep you from calling for help. Often, heart patients may take this lightly as the symptoms are not as visible and obvious at first. But to be on the safeside, you must play your part and perform the necessary steps.
- Do not wait to see if the symptoms are going away as it can be too late if you wait for even a few seconds.