Unconsciousness happens when the blood supply to your child’s brain is inadequate and they are suddenly unable to respond to stimuli and appear sleeping. They can remain in this unconscious state for a few seconds or for a longer period of time, and in this state, he/she won’t respond to loud sounds or shaking. In some rare cases, he/she may even stop breathing or their pulse can faint too.
Signs of your Child Becoming Unconscious
Some symptoms that are the indication of your child becoming unconscious are:
- Your child is suddenly unable to respond.
- He/she is not speaking properly or slurred speech.
- Their heartbeat rate is suddenly very high.
- Your child may feel dizziness or light-headedness.
In such cases, within a few moments, your child will become unconsciousness and will faint.
How to Administer First Aid
If your child is unconscious, follow these simple first aid steps quickly:
- Check if he/she is breathing or not. If not, call an ambulance or take them to the emergency room or to the nearest hospital quickly. And if they are breathing, position them on their back.
- Raise their legs for at least 12 inches above the ground.
- Loosen their belts, collars or any tight dress they are wearing. Doing this will help them in breathing properly. If they don’t regain consciousness within a minute, call an ambulance as soon as possible.
- Check their airway to make sure there is nothing blocking it.
- Check him/her again if they are breathing, coughing or moving. These are signs of positive circulation. If he or she doesn’t show these signs, call an ambulance and perform CPR (Cardiopulmonary Recitation) on them, till the ambulance arrives.
How to Perform a CPR (Cardiopulmonary Recitation)
Cardiopulmonary Recitation or as you might know by the name CPR, is a process which is done to treat someone when their breathing stops or their heartbeat stops.
One step before performing CPR, which has to be done if your child stops breathing is to call an ambulance first, or ask someone to, and ask them loudly “Are you okay?”, if your child doesn’t respond, perform a CPR.
How to perform a CPR step by step is explained below:
- Lay down your child on his or her back on a firm surface.
- Kneel down next to their neck and shoulders.
- Place the heel of your palm, over the centre of their chest. And place your other palm directly over the first one, with fingers interlaced. Also, make sure your elbows are straight and move your shoulder above your hands.
- Push down on your child’s chest at least 1.5 inches, by using your upper body weight. Then release. Repeat this procedure for up to 100 times per minute. This is called chest compressions.
Rescue Breathing in CPR
This must be performed by only who are trained in CPR, to avoid any potential injuries. These are the steps of rescue breathing:
- Pinch your child’s nose and close it. Then cover his or her mouth with yours. It must be an airtight seal.
- You must then give two one-second breaths and look for their chest to rise.
- Continue to give alternate between chest compressions and breaths in a manner like 30 compressions and two breaths. Keep doing this until your child wakes or till the help arrives.
Performing CPR can save your child from brain damage and from going them into Coma.