Minor scrapes and small cuts do not necessarily need a trip to the emergency room or hospital since it is actually easy to treat it at home using a few first aid tips and methods. These tips also enable you to help others who may have cut or scraped their skin. Knowing these first aid methods can let you come to the aide of someone and is highly necessary. The following are the best first aid methods to follow for small cuts and scrapes.
Wash your Hands
The first thing that you need to do to deal with cuts and scrapes is to wash your hands. This not only helps you to avoid infection but also makes sure no germs are spread.
Stop the Bleeding
The next thing you need to do is to stop the bleeding. Mostly the bleeding will stop on its own but if not, then apply gentle pressure with a sterile bandage or clean piece of cloth.
Clean the Wound
After the bleeding stops, the next thing you need to do is to clean the wound completely. You must use clean water to rinse the wound and then clear it surroundings using soap. Avoid using the soap on the wound itself as it can cause some pain and irritation.
Put an Antibiotic
The next step to follow is to apply an antibiotic cream or ointment on the wound. This helps to keep the wound moist and can discourage any kind of an infection as well. This also helps the body’s natural healing process as well. There are certain ingredients in these ointments which can cause mild rashes in some people and hence you must stop its usage if the rash occurs.
Cover the Wound
Now the next step to follow is to cover the wound using bandages. This helps to keep the wound clean and keep the many bacteria away from it. If the injury is just a little scrape then you can also leave it uncovered.
Change the Dressing
Now the next step that you need to follow is to change the dressing everyday atleast once. This must be done when the bandage becomes dirty or goes wet. There are other ways to cover the wound as well including using sterile gauze and adhesive free dressings as well.
For Deeper Wounds, get Stitches
If the wound goes deep into the skin then putting dressing on it won’t heal it fast and in such a case, you will have to get stitches done from a doctor. This won’t be possible at home as you will need help of a professional for this. Get this done as soon as possible as it can minimize possibility of a scar and also reduces the risk of infection.
Watch Signs of Infection
Make sure you check for signs and symptoms of an infection like increasing pain, drainage, warmth and swelling etc.
Get a tetanus shot-if the injured person hasn’t gotten a tetanus shot in 5 years then make sure they get the shot.