Often you might encounter minor accidents, where scrapes or cuts are common consequences. This can happen inside the house or in outdoor but immediate medication is whatsoever important. At times, it becomes difficult to get a doctor or treatment for those injuries; and as a result some minor cuts become painful wounds or even worse. Therefore it is always effective to have some first aid knowledge and a first aid kit handy, especially when you are out for an adventure or sports.
First Aid: How to Stay Prepared for Cuts
First aid is that first and basic treatment that can be given to an injured person, and then depending on the severity of the wound, he/she can be taken to a specialized place with medical facilities. While treating a minor cut or scrape, here is what you need to do-
- Before touching the wound make sure your hands are cleaned. Otherwise, the wound might get infected and become worse. Thus clean your hands properly with antibacterial agents before you touch the wound of a person.
- Clean the wound now. The best thing to clean a scrape, cut or a puncture wound is water. It is better to use soap and a clean cloth to wipe the skin around the wound so that there are no foreign particles near an open wound. Thereafter using a dry and clean cloth wipes the area dry.
- Sometimes, if a cut wound is deep enough, it can lead to excessive bleeding. People with different medical conditions are also known to bleed profusely. To stop the bleeding, use a clean cloth to put pressure on the cut and hold it for a while. You can also use gauze or even paper towels to stop the bleeding. However, in cases of minor cuts, the bleeding tends to stop on their own within a few moments.
- Next use an antibiotic ointment to apply over the cut. The advantages of the antibiotic ointments lie in the fact that they do not let any infection to spread on the wound and also keeps the area moist. For small cuts people often do not use such medicines, because they can heal easily on their own. However, an antibiotic ointment not only helps in healing, it also reduces the chance of scarring.
- After applying the antibiotic medicine, cover the wound with a sterile band aid. But remember that an open wound heals more quickly than a bandaged one. You will need a bandage when the wound is in such an area that gets dirty very easily, or is disturbed by your clothing. In those cases, covering up the wound makes sense, since it keeps the wound clean, and being covered means there will not be any chance to get scratches from various things.
Once the basic first aid is given, take the injured person to the doctor so that he can look after the wounds properly and then start the medication accordingly.