Fracture is any crack or breakings of the hard bone which gives support and shape to the body. The bony structure inside one’s body is a vital part, as that is the frame on which the muscular body is built. A fracture is a result of any sudden shock, high force or impact that your body encounters, but fails to absorb the countered impact.
It can also be because of age, osteoporosis or brittle bone disease etc. A fracture can occur in any part of the body, be it the skull, legs or arms, ribs, shoulder, spine, hands or foot etc.
How to Understand if it is a Fracture?
As a result of a fracture, a person can become unresponsive, may have decreased heart beat or lack of breathing, may be bleeding heavily due to rupture of nerves and muscles, and also be unconscious due to shock and fear of the accident.
Symptoms of a Fracture
A fracture surely gives a person intense pain around the affected area. The area becomes touch sensitive.
Swelling and Numbness
Pain is also accompanied with swelling and numbness around the area which has got fractured.
The broken bone or the ruptured muscles may cause deformity of the hurt place. The broken bone may even protrude from the broken area.
A hurt or injury which is the cause of the fracture may also cause mild or heavy bleeding. Blood may start flowing out of the injured skin and muscle of the broken part.
First Aid for a Fracture
- The first thing to remember in case of a fracture or accident is to call or get medical help as soon as possible. You should call the help line numbers such as the medical help numbers, the ambulance or the centralized accident and trauma service center’s numbers.
- Inspect the person’s condition, seriousness and needs before giving first aid and calm the person first by giving support.
- First make the person lie down in a comfortable position. Then try to stop the bleeding by putting cotton, gauge or a soft clean cloth on the bleeding area. Try to elevate the legs a little, if not affected badly, to secure continuous flow of blood to the brain.
- Then if there is decreased heart beat and breathing, and you are trained in the art, then you can give CRP ( Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) support. This is done by providing mouth to mouth breathing and chest compression alternately.
- Immobilize the injured area. You can use a splint. That is a card board, a small wooden stick, or a ruler kind of a thing, wrapped with a cotton cloth or anything soft and tie it to the injured area by a soft string or cloth strip to give support to the injured part, to avoid any further damage. You can apply ice too if required.
- Do not try to massage the affected area.
- Do not try to straighten that body part.
- Do not ask the person to move without support.
- Do not try to move the body part forcibly.
- Do not give liquids to drink immediately.
Thus, by keeping a few points in mind, you can give best first aid to an injured person, before the arrival of any medical help or support.