Cumin seeds or ‘Jeera’, as we commonly call the Indian kitchen spice, is scientifically known as Cuminum Cyminum. It is a member of the parsley family and the plant grows to about thirty to fifty centimeters tall. The herbaceous plant has a slender but branched stem which has sub branches and all the branches attain almost the same height. The leaves are pinnate with leaflets which are like threads.
The cumin flowers are pink or white and are borne in umbels. The cumin seed is oblong shaped with longitudinal ridges and are brownish in colour. Cumin seed is a common ingredient of almost all salty vegetarian and curry dishes of India and India is the largest producer as well as consumer of these seeds. These seeds are packed with the following health benefits too.
In Preventing Anemia
Cumin is a rich source of iron. Cumin seeds contain about 66 milligrams of iron in every 100 grams. The more the iron intake, the more is your hemoglobin count of your body. Hemoglobin transfers oxygen from a red blood cell to another somatic cell in your body. Therefore the less the iron in your body, the more anemic you become. Cumin helps in giving you the daily required doses of iron, so that you do not become anemic and also therefore helps in preventing symptoms of anemia, such as digestive issues, fatigue, cognitive malfunctions, anxiety etc.
Helps in Improving Digestion
The compound thymol present in cumin seeds stimulates the glands which secrete biles, enzymes and acids which are responsible for the proper digestion of food in intestine and stomach. The aroma of cumin comes from an aromatic compound called cuminaldehyde. This cuminaldehyde stimulates the salivary glands present in mouth, which facilitates the primary digestion of food in mouth. Cumin seeds are carminative too and therefore help in digestion by relieving you of the troubles of gas.
Cumin reduces the chances of hypoglycemia and therefore is very effective in preventing diabetes. Early test reports show that it is a very effective tool in preventing diabetes as it helps reduce glucosuria condition, in which urine contains excess glucose.
Helpful in Respiratory Disorders
Caffeine and richly aromatic essential oils present in cumin gives it anti congestive properties. These properties help the patients suffering of asthma and bronchitis. It helps in loosening the phlegm and mucus which gets accumulated in the respiratory tract and helps in its elimination via spitting, coughing or sneezing. Cumin thus helps in preventing common cold too by fighting away infections, as it also contains Vitamin C.
Anti Ageing Properties
The presence of Vitamin E in cumin seeds works as an anti-ageing tonic. It stops the signs of ageing like wrinkles on skin, sagging skin, age spots etc by working as an antioxidant which fights the free radicals which harm the skin. Its antioxidant and antibacterial property gives you a healthy glowing skin till the later years of your life.
Helps in Controlling Body Heat
Cumin powder and a pinch of salt mixed in a glass of water to prepare a traditional cold drink, has the capacity to lower your body heat. Cumin seeds put in boiled water and later cooled to take a bath can relieve you of skin itchiness and body heat.
Thus Cumin seeds or the common ‘Jeera’ has tremendous health benefits because of being medicinal in nature. You can improve your health by increasing its intake.