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Myths about HIV Transmission

Myths About HIV Transimission
Atefa Noorain
Atefa Noorain
August19/ 2016

HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a virus known to cause fatal infection. In severe cases when left untreated HIV infection can result in AIDS also called as Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV infection cannot be cured completely. Once you are infected with HIV, the virus remains in the body for lifetime. The virus mainly attacks your immune system. HIV infection makes your immune system and increases the risk of other infectious diseases.

According to World Health Organization more than 36 million people are living with HIV by the end of 2015. HIV virus can infect both males and females. In most of the cases reported globally, HIV is transferred from mother to child. The child suffers with HIV from childhood and might suffer with AIDS if left untreated.


There are many different myths about HIV. The most common myths include:

  • HIV and AIDS is same

HIV and AIDS are not one and the same. HIV is a virus called Human Immunodeficiency virus and it can infect humans. AIDS is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a diseases that results in few severe cases where HIV is left untreated. You should know the fact that all HIV positive patients are not suffering with AIDS. But all AIDS patients suffer with HIV infection.

AIDS( Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease that is seen in HIV patients when the immune system of the patients become weak to that extent when it is unable to fight with the foreign particles and function properly.

  • HIV positive patients can infect other healthy individual living around them

Being in touch with the HIV positive patients will not affect your health and do not lead to transfer of infection. HIV can only be transferred to other people through sexual contact. When HIV patients have sex with a healthy person, then the healthy person is at high risk of developing HIV infection.

  • Birth Control pills preventing HIV

Birth control pills are used to control birth after having sex and it does not have any effect on HIV infection. Birth control pills do not prevent HIV infection as it does not have anti-viral property. There are different medications available that can be used to prevent and treat HIV infection caused by HIV virus

  • HIV transmitted to other people through body fluids like saliva and sweat

Mostly people think that body fluids like saliva and sweat can spread HIV infection. It is a myth, saliva and sweat does not carry the infectious agent that causes the HIV infection. IF you ever come across a person’s sweat or saliva you will not suffer with HIV except in cases when you have sex with the HIV positive patient.

  • Problem in conceiving due to HIV

Any HIV positive women can conceive normally like any other healthy women. There are no serious problems reported in HIV positive patients in terms of family planning. Any HIV patients can conceive normally and can deliver the baby without any serious complications. The only difference between the babies born to a HIV patient and a healthy women is that the baby is born HIV positive as it is an inherited disorder and virus can transfer from mother to patient.

Atefa Noorain
Atefa Noorain

Atefa Noorain, (Microbiologist) former Head of the Department of Life Sciences, Assistant Professor of Microbiology at Sujatha Degree College for Women. She worked as an Associate Research Analyst at Thomson Reuters and an Associate Editor of two research journals. She has presented her research work in 3 International Conferences. She has written articles for national journals and international journals. She had been felicitated as a Young Speaker in the last conference. She has worked on Nanoparticles as a part of her research project and won the Best Scientist of the Day award.

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