Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which a fibre-optic instrument is inserted in the body through the abdominal wall. The fibre-optic instrument helps in viewing the organs in the abdomen and performs the surgeries. In laparoscopic surgeries, only small incisions are made to insert the optical instrument. Laparoscopic surgeries are done to treat any disease condition that causes problems in the abdomen.
Laparoscopy helps in direct visualization of the peritoneal activity and the organs that are present in the peritoneal activity. In laparoscopy smaller telescopes are used for visualization. The instrument used to perform laparoscopy is called laparoscope that contains small telescopes.
The light passed through the laparoscope helps in differentiating the organs in the abdomen. With the help of light on one end the laparoscopic surgery is performed. Laparoscopy is preferred when compared to other surgeries that tend to makes long incisions in the body. Long incision surgeries are not beneficial as it increases the post operative pain, increase the stay in hospital. Long incision surgeries also result in delayed recovery of incisions and high chances of wound infections.
You must know the few basic questions that you need to ask before undergoing a laparoscopic surgery. The basic questions are:
- What is laparoscopy?
- What are the benefits of laparoscopy?
- What are the different disease conditions that can be treated with laparoscopy?
- Are there any medicines that can be used to avoid laparoscopic surgery?
- What are the complications associated with laparoscopic surgery?
- What is the difference between the diagnostic laparoscopy and a laparoscopic surgery?
- What is the amount of anesthesia required during the laparoscopic surgery?
- How much time is required for the surgery to complete?
- What is the normal recovery time after the laparoscopic surgery?
- How long do I need to stay at the hospital before and after the surgery?
- What diet plan I should follow post surgery?
- How long do I need to stay at the hospital?
- What are the risks of laparoscopy?
- How much rest is required after the surgery?
- Can I undergo another surgery simultaneously along with laparoscopy?
- In case of emergency are all the medical supplies available for sudden bleeding.
All the above questions are essential as it gives the patient clarity regarding the surgery. Whenever you for a surgery like laparoscopic surgeries, the answers to the above questions are mandatory. Laparoscopy is performed to treat conditions like:
- Gall bladder removal.
The common risk of laparoscopy surgery includes:
- If the quantity of anesthesia is increased, it can be fatal
- Sudden bleeding
- If the surgeons are not experienced. Laparoscopic surgery may cause damage to other organs leading to severe bleeding.
- The risk of infection and bleeding is very high in laparoscopic surgeries
- There is a chance of blood clot entering the blood stream that can leads to blockage of the arteries.
- The inner lining of the abdominal wall can be inflamed during the laparoscopic surgery.