Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that mainly affects the lungs. Lungs are the main organ that gets affected with the organism. Tuberculosis infection is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a common infection that is spread through tiny droplets. The tiny droplets are released in the atmosphere when the infected person coughs or sneezes.
According to World Health Organization more than 8 million people worldwide are infected with tuberculosis. Out of those 8 million people around 1.6 million people die with tuberculosis every year. Tuberculosis is the major health concern all around the world.
Tuberculosis symptoms and Causes
Patients suffering with tuberculosis show visible symptoms after coming in contact with the infection. The most common symptoms include:
- Cough lasting for three or more weeks
- Coughing blood
- Chest pain while breathing
- Chest pain while coughing
- Sudden weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Night sweats
Tuberculosis can also have a negative impact on other parts of the body. The other parts that get affected with tuberculosis are kidneys, spine and brain. In severe cases the causative organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis affects the other parts apart from lungs.
The causative agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis is present in the atmosphere around the infected person. When the infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks the tiny droplets spread in the atmosphere. These tiny droplets can spread from person to person and spread the infection.
Questions to Ask your Doctor Regarding Tuberculosis
- What is tuberculosis?
- What causes tuberculosis?
- Is the same organism causing tuberculosis can cause any other health problem or infection?
- How tuberculosis is spread?
- What precautions I need to take if I am diagnosed with tuberculosis?
- What are the initial symptoms that help me in identifying that I am suspected to have tuberculosis?
- How common is tuberculosis?
- What diet I should have during the course of treatment?
- How much time it will take to get completely cured from the infection?
- What is difference between the latent and active tuberculosis?
- What are the different diagnostic tests done for tuberculosis?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital for treatment of infection?
- For how many months do I need to continue the medication?
- Will the infection spread to people if they are near me?
- Do I need to undergo any surgery for completely curing tuberculosis?
- Do I need to stay in isolation to avoid the spread of infection?
- What are the chances of relapse of infection after getting cured?
- Can I continue other medication along with the anti-tuberculosis medication?
- Can I take any anti-bacterial medicine to prevent the infection in future?
- Does this bacterial infection affect any other organs in my body?
- Can I regain my weight after getting cured?
- What diet I should take after getting cured to avoid the relapse of infection?
- How the fluid in my lungs can be removed during the treatment of infection?