Hit by diabetes with the onset of pregnancy? Don’t know how to deal with? Here’s the A to Z guide about its consequences on the fetus and the abnormalities that comes with it.
Gestational Diabetes-What it is?
Gestational diabetes is a condition which develops in women with no history of diabetes showing high levels of blood glucose. It is common in around 4% of women in India. This can be diagnosed on various phases of pregnancy due to hormonal changes in the body.
Diabetes during pregnancy may result in two complications:
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
The condition is known as glucose intolerance. Around 90% of pregnant women may face this complication.
Pre-Gestational, Type-1 or Type-2 Diabetes
This can pose an additional risk for both mother and fetus besides effecting fetal growth and development during pregnancy.
Who can Develop this Condition?
Women who are 25 years or older and have a family history of diabetes are diagnosed with GDM or Pre-GDM.
What Causes GDM or Pre-GDM?
- History of diabetes
- Giving birth to large infants (more than 4 kg)
- Recurrent fetal loss
- Continuous glycosuria
- Glucose intolerance
- Obesity or overweight
- History of pre-eclampsia or polyhydraminos
- Serious hypertension
- Severe fungal infections or urinary tract infections
Around 18 percent of pregnant women in America may develop the disease as per the American Diabetes Association. Nonetheless, a new study revealed that the problem can be lessened by eating a diet rich in soy protein.
Researchers from the Arak University of Medical Sciences in Iran conducted a study to know the effects of soy intake on metabolic status of women with gestational diabetes mellitus. The experts did a six-week trial of 68 women who were positive for GDM. Women were assigned a diet of food containing 70 percent animal protein and 30 percent soy protein and another group was given food containing 35 percent animal protein, 35 percent soy protein and 30 percent plant protein.
Researchers found that soy protein consumption led to the significant lowering of the women’s blood sugar and insulin levels. The research showed that women who fed more soy protein had better results when compared to other group.
Therefore, if you are showing the symptoms of Gestational diabetes, then you can consider eating soy protein upon consulting your doctor.