Smoking is the common cause of death worldwide. Mostly adults and youngsters are addicted to smoking. Men are more addictive to smoking than women. Smoking habits can lead to many health problems that can range from mild to chronic. Smoking effects almost all parts of your body and can lead to life-threatening diseases like lung cancer.
Nicotine drug is present in tobacco smoke. Smokers need enough nicotine every day to satisfy cravings and control their mood. The requirement of nicotine differs in each smoker. Cigarettes contain around 600 ingredients and smokers generally inhale about 7000 chemicals along with nicotine when they burn those 600 chemicals. Tobacco smoke comprises of about 60 known cancer causing chemicals.
Replacing cigarettes with cigar, pipe or hookah does not decrease the health risks. People who use hookah pipe are more likely to inhale more smoke when compared to cigarettes. Hookah smoke contains many toxic substances when compared to cigarettes.
Effects of Smoking
Tobacco is harmful for your health. The main parts that are affected by smoking are:
- Central Nervous System
Nicotine reaches your brain directly and is a nervous system stimulant. It makes you feel energized for a short while when you smoke. As the effect of nicotine subsides you feel more tired and crave more. Smoking can weaken your senses of taste and smell and thus you will not be able to enjoy your food more often.
You are at high risk of macular degeneration when you are addictive to smoking. It can also increase risk of cataract and poor eyesight.
- Respiratory system
Smoking can damage your respiratory system. When you inhale smoke you are taking in harmful chemical substances that can completely damage your lungs. Lungs lose the ability to filter harmful chemicals when you constantly smoke. Smoking increases the risk of cold and flu.
In severe cases smoking can damage your air sacs and the condition is called emphysema. Smoking also increases the risk of lung cancer along with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Cardiovascular system
Complete cardiovascular system can get damaged due to constant smoking habits. Your blood vessels become constricted or tightened and thus the blood flow is restricted due to smoking.
Smoking increases your blood pressure that can lead to stretching of arteries and increase bad cholesterol in your blood. Smoking increases blood clots in your body and can cause life threatening diseases like stroke, coronary heart disease and blood cancer.
- Integumentary system
Smoking has a very bad effect on skin that can change the structure of your skin. Skin discolouration, wrinkles, and permanent aging are the common signs of smoking.
Your fingernails and skin on finger show yellow staining because of holding cigarettes in your hand for longer time.
- Oral problems
There is an increased risk of oral problems in people who smoke. Gum inflammation and infection is common along with brown and yellow stains are seen on your teeth because of smoking. Tooth decay and tooth loss before old age can be seen in smokers. It can cause bad breath. You are at high risk of mouth cancer, esophagus cancer and throat cancer if you are a frequent smoker.
- Digestive system
Smokers are high risk of kidney and pancreatic cancer. It increases inflammation of stomach and intestines.
- Insulin resistance
Smoking makes you insulin resistant and increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Reproductive system
Smoking can increase the infertility rate in both men and women. It also increases the risk of cervical cancer in women. Women generally experience early menopause due to continuous smoking. Men who smoke generally experience low sperm count or more percentage of deformed sperm.
- Musculoskeletal system
Smoking can cause tightening of muscle and also reduce bone density.