HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. This is a condition in humans where there is progressive failure of the immune system which leads to life-threatening infections.
Inspite of being an increasingly deadly and common disease, many people don’t know several facts about HIV. In many nations and among many people, there is a common belief that HIV is a communicable disease but in reality, it is not. If you are interested in brushing up your knowledge about HIV, then you can read the following 10 facts:
1. HIV Causes AIDS
HIV causes AIDS and not the other way round. People with AIDS tend to become weaker as their bodies keeping losing the capability and ability to fight illnesses and diseases. If left untreated, a person with AIDS will eventually die.
2. The Start of AIDS can take Approximatelya Decade
From the time of getting affected by the HIV virus, the start of this disease can take about a decade. Thusan individual who has been infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus may feel and look healthy for several years but may be able to transmit the virus to others.
3. HIV in Mostly Transmitted Sexually
HIV in most cases is transmitted sexually. This is because of the mixing of the fluids and the exchange in the virus especially in the case when of presence of tears in anal or vaginal tissue. Females are more prone to HIV infection as the membranes of their vagina are thinner and hence more prone to infection.
4. HIV Transmission Takes Place through Bodily Fluids that are HIV Infected
HIV is transmitted mainly due to themixing of HIV infected bodily fluids. This kind of transfer may happen during the stages of an infection or a disease. The virus of HIV is present in fluids like blood, semen and breast milk etc.
5. Risk of HIV’s Sexual Transmission can be Decreased
It is a fact that risk of HIV’s sexual transmission can be decreasedif individuals avoidhaving sex or if partners who are unaffected have sex with only one another.
6. HIV is not Transmitted by Everyday Contact
HIV is not transmitted by everyday contact like hugging, shaking hands, using swimming pools, toilet seats, eating, utensils and insect bites etc.
7. Those who Inject Drugs have more Risk of being Infected by HIV
HIV can be transmitted when the skin is either pierced or is cutthrough a needle that is not sterilized, through a syringe, knife or razorblade etc. Those who inject drugs into themselves or have sex with drug user are at a higher risk.
8. People with Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs are at more of a Risk of being Infected by HIV
People with STIs should seek quick treatment and must practice safe sex. They must also inform their partners about this.
9. There is no Sure Shot Cure of HIV AIDS
It is a fact that there is still no sure shot way to cure HIV or AIDS. An infected person’s life can be lengthened but one cannot be treated completely.
10. The Virus does not Discriminate
The HIV virus does not impact only the poor or some specific races but can affect anyone.